Regenerative therapy - Ray of Hope

Human beings are blessed with power of imagination, memory and intellect. Man has created revolution in the field of medicine. The scientific discoveries in medical field in 19th century overcame the so called intractable diseases of 18th century. In the 20th century the effective and curative treatment of various diseases likes T.B, leprosy were discovered. Treatments like artificial joint replacement, bypass surgery is now in the reach of common man. Now on the horizon of 21st century regenerative therapy is a ray of hope in intractable diseases like paralysis, Alzheimer, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, traumatic spinal cord injury and paraplegia. This is a complete new and innovative therapy which has been started flourishing over the globe since 2003. The discovery of the stem cell has led to a revolution in modern medicine.

 

What is stem cell?

Stem cells are the ‘basic cells’ of our bodies, which can develop and differentiate in any type of cell. These cells migrate to injured areas within the body and get transplanted and transform themselves into new tissue cells that replace the damaged ones. Stem cells have the capacity to multiply and renew themselves almost indefinitely. Stem cell can form nerve cells, muscle cells and blood cells which cannot multiply themselves and have limited life spans.

Stem cells are the foundation cells for every organ, tissue and cell of the body. Thus, first stem cells originate within the developing embryo. Stem cells from the bone marrow can develop into cardiac muscle, as well as liver, brain, nerve, fat and skin tissue. These cells are progenitor cells that lead to creation of new cells and are thus called as generative cells. Haematopoietic stem cells are found in the bone marrow and give rise to all the blood cell types.

 

Principles

Cell-based therapy is an empirical therapy. In this therapy stem cells are induced to differentiate into the specific cell type required to repair the damaged or destroyed cells or tissues. Autologous regenerative therapy is the use of adult stem cells to treat certain diseases. regenerative therapy is the use of stem cells in the treatment.

Treatment can be divided in two types - Autologous regenerative therapy and Allogenic regenerative therapy.
Autologous regenerative therapy This therapy includes the use of patients own stem cells which are obtained from blood, bone marrow etc.
Allogenic regenerative therapy In this therapy a person is cured with the help of donated stem cells. However, in number of diseases or disorders, allogenic (foreign) stem cells may be rejected by the body. So far this therapy is not legally accepted in India. We at Chaitanya hospital opt for Autologous stem cells (adult stem cells) therapy to treat certain diseases. The cells being obtained from patients own blood, bone marrow or fat makes it a safe way and assures there are no adverse effects.